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Title: Studies in the Etruscan loanwords in Latin
Author: Watmough, Margaret Mary Thérèse
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 1992
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In the political and cultural relations between archaic Rome and Etruria, the Etruscans were not the speakers of a 'dominant language'. Since Rome was not under Etruscan domination nor was there any prestige associated with the Etruscan language, the conditions under which large scale lexical borrowing takes place were absent. A recent survey of the whole field is reviewed and its results are found to be uncertain or ill-supported; in it the constraints of space preclude the detailed treatment of individual words which is necessary if the nature of the influence of Etruscan on the Latin lexicon is to be fully understood. This thesis deals with some specific problems in Etrusco-Latin interaction and in the Etruscan loanwords in Latin; a small number of words is treated in detail. It is established that each word is on phonological and morphological grounds unlikely to be Indo-European. Concrete reasons for suspecting Etruscan origin leads to an examination of morphological, phonological and semantic factors in the light of the Etruscan lexicon, word-formation and phonology. Emphasis is placed on explaining the structure of the Etruscan source and the way in which it is naturalized in Latin. In some cases the Etruscan source word is identified: in others it is shown that an Etruscan source is probable. Data from the literary sources and archaeology are combined with linguistic and onomastic arguments. The extent of Etrusco-Latin interaction in terms of the number of bilingual speakers was small; it is likely that the number of Etruscan loanwords in Latin is also small. Hence a proposed Etruscan etymology for a Latin word of dubious origin must be examined critically. The detailed analysis of individual words brings new results.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available