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Title: Relating interface type, building type, street type and local travel activity in Taipei
Author: Chang, Feng-Shu
ISNI:       0000 0004 9360 0063
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2020
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As part of the current trend for sustainable transport systems and for lively cities, considerable research has been conducted into the relationship between urban form and travel activity. Related Taiwanese studies are relatively scarce, however, perhaps because there is a lack of research about Taiwanese urban morphology. Therefore, establishing a complete urban form catalogue (including building type, street type, and interface type in particular) is the first step and prime objective for this thesis to contribute to the omission in the current academia, and further identifying the urban form types with their travel activity characteristics (mostly mode choice and walking behaviour) to recognise which form types are more favourable under the contexts of sustainable and lively lifestyle. Throughout the study, interfaces, i.e. the connections between different urban form components, are given particular focus. This is done firstly because interface is almost entirely undocumented in existing Taiwanese urban morphology, and secondly because, although the transition between the private and public domain is seen as playing a vital role in pedestrian or public life studies, but little discussion about it as an integral factor in most transport related research. This thesis is based on the study of both the physical fabric and residents’ travel activity pattern of Da-An District. Therefore, a two-dimensional coordinate system (x-y matrix) and cluster methods (e.g. K-Means) were used to classify the urban form types, whilst a questionnaire was used to gain the travel activity data. As a result, the urban form of the selected study area was found to comprise 10 building types, 12 street types, and 24 interface types. Through Chi-square tests, certain street and interface types were then found to be associated with certain transport mode shares for local trips. A number of specific interface types were further recognised as favourable (e.g. arcades with shop windows, and large landscaped front setbacks) or unfavourable (e.g. overhang without setback) to a sustainable and lively environment.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available