Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.819465
Title: Random walks on the symmetric group : cutoff for one-sided transposition shuffles
Author: Matheau-Raven, Oliver
ISNI:       0000 0004 9358 6070
Awarding Body: University of York
Current Institution: University of York
Date of Award: 2020
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Abstract:
In this thesis we introduce a new type of card shuffle called the one-sided transposition shuffle. At each step a card is chosen uniformly from the pack and then transposed with another card chosen uniformly from below it. This defines a random walk on the symmetric group generated by a distribution which is non-constant on the conjugacy class of transpositions. Nevertheless, we provide an explicit formula for all eigenvalues of the shuffle by demonstrating a useful correspondence between eigenvalues and standard Young tableaux. This allows us to prove the existence of a total-variation cutoff for the one-sided transposition shuffle at time n log n. We also study weighted generalisations of the one-sided transposition shuffle called biased one-sided transposition shuffles. We compute the full spectrum for every biased one-sided transposition shuffle, and prove the existence of a total variation cutoff for certain choices of weighted distribution. In particular, we recover the eigenvalues and well known mixing time of the classical random transposition shuffle. We study the hyperoctahedral group as an extension of the symmetric group, and formulate the one-sided transposition shuffle and random transposition shuffle as random walks on this new group. We determine the spectrum of each hyperoctahedral shuffle by developing a correspondence between their eigenvalues and standard Young bi-tableaux. We prove that the one-sided transposition shuffle on the hyperoctahedral group exhibits a cutoff at n log n, the same time as its symmetric group counterpart. We conjecture that this results extends to the biased one-sided transposition shuffles and the random transposition shuffle on the hyperoctahedral group.
Supervisor: Connor, Stephen ; Bate, Michael Sponsor: EPSRC
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.819465  DOI: Not available
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