Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Attachment and reactions to trauma in children and adolescents
Author: Cushing, Toby
ISNI:       0000 0004 9355 2057
Awarding Body: University of East Anglia
Current Institution: University of East Anglia
Date of Award: 2020
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Background: Research conducted within adult samples demonstrates an association between insecure attachment and increased posttraumatic stress symptoms. Such relationships have been examined in children and adolescents, though to a lesser extent and findings are equivocal. Furthermore, there are few studies examining how attachment moderates the relation between adverse childhood experiences and mental health. Methods: This thesis consists of a meta-analytic review and an empirical study. The meta-analytic review conducted a comprehensive literature review to synthesise studies reporting effect sizes of the relation between attachment and posttraumatic stress within child and adolescent samples. The empirical study examined moderating effects of infant attachment security on the relation between childhood adversity during sixth grade (aged approximately 11-12 years) and mental health outcomes at 15 years using data from the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD) by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). Results: Results of the review demonstrate a significant negative correlation between secure attachment and PTSS (r = -.16) and a significant positive correlation between insecure attachment (r = .26). Results of the empirical study indicate a positive association between adverse relational experiences and internalising and externalising problems. Attachment security did not account for any additional variance in symptom-reporting. Infant attachment security did not moderate the relationship between adverse relational experiences during sixth grade and mental health outcomes at 15 years. Conclusions: Infant attachment security may not be a great risk factor for adolescent internalising and externalising problems, however, attachment during childhood and adolescence may be relevant in the development of posttraumatic stress.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available