Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: A study of women's agency and mining-induced displacement and resettlement in Sierra Leone
Author: Jones, Jessica
Awarding Body: University of East Anglia
Current Institution: University of East Anglia
Date of Award: 2019
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Mining-induced displacement and resettlement (MIDR) is a phenomenon associated with large-scale commercial mining, and is particularly prominent in low-income countries (Owen and Kemp, 2015). The extractive industries literature tends to present rural indigenous women as homogenously vulnerable to the negative effects of mining (Lahiri-Dutt, 2015). This literature provides an extensive list of the detrimental effects of MIDR that specifically disadvantage women, including loss of natural water sources, sacred spaces and the degradation of land (Bhanumathi, 2002; Downing, 2002). Rarely considered, is how the specific and unique sociocultural context of mining-affected communities influences women’s agency, that is, the way women experience and react to MIDR and its effects. By drawing on ethnographic data from three villages relocated for iron ore mining in the north of Sierra Leone, this thesis seeks to show how women’s agency is critical to maintaining and enabling individual and collective wellbeing after experiencing MIDR, as an example of a non-organic trigger of social change. The main findings are, first that different women perform different aspects - economic, sociocultural and political - of their agency in different ways in a post-MIDR context. Second, that resources and physical structures associated with nature embodied women’s agency pre-MIDR and MIDR initiates a critical juncture through a rapid change in access to these resources. Third, this change in resources and physical structures – informed by exogenous international and national systems - threatens women’s agency and the continuity of local economic, sociocultural and political systems. Fourth, that different women react to the effect of the change in resources and physical structures in myriad ways, including adaptation, avoidance, passive and active resistance. Women are therefore found to be agents in preserving and transforming different aspects of their agency and local systems in their efforts to maintain and enable individual and collective wellbeing.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available