Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.817851
Title: Electrochemical behaviour of microporous materials for water purification
Author: Putra, Budi Riza Putra
ISNI:       0000 0004 9358 581X
Awarding Body: University of Bath
Current Institution: University of Bath
Date of Award: 2020
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Abstract:
Ionic current rectification describes the unique electrochemical behaviour for devices based on microporous materials to conduct ions only in one direction under applied potential bias. The mechanism of ionic current rectification for all types of microporous materials are similar and based on electrolyte accumulation (open diode) and depletion (closed diode) within the region of a microhole in the substrate. The ionic current rectification phenomenon has been investigated for different types of ion conducting microporous materials with applications linked to future water desalination technology. In general, there are three types of microporous materials studied in the thesis that have been investigated based on (i) one-dimensional, (ii) two-dimensional, and (iii) three-dimensional pore systems. All of these microporous materials show good performance as long as semi-permeability can be achieved and maintained. In this thesis, ionic current rectification phenomena have been studied and investigated for different types of microporous materials such as, bacteriophage M13 (one-dimensional), graphene oxide and titanate nanosheets (two-dimensional), and Nafion and PIM-EA-TB “heterojunction” (three-dimensional). Each of these microporous materials gives unique electrochemical characteristics (ionic current rectification phenomena) when deposited as a film onto a poly-ethylene-terephthalate (PET) susbtrate with 20 μm diameter microhole. In the final chapter of this thesis, it is demonstrated a water desalination prototype based on ionic current rectification in microporous materials. It can be concluded that ionic diode devices based on different types of microporous materials provide a new avenue of fundamental electrochemical study with effects based on materials, device geometry, and electrolyte media. In the future, there is a possibility to develop ionic circuits and a wider range of ionic devices to provide new types of interfaces between artificial electronic systems and biological ionic systems.
Supervisor: Marken, Frank ; Scott, Janet Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.817851  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Ionic current rectification ; Microporous Materials ; Water Purification ; Electrochemical behaviour
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