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Title: Unheard voices : the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood youth between apathy and radicalisation (2011-2016)
Author: Abdelgawad, Doha Samir Mostafa
ISNI:       0000 0004 9357 9778
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2020
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Given the lack of scholarly work on Egyptian Islamic youth, this thesis examines emerging pathways of political disengagement and radicalisation among Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood youth in the aftermath of 2013. It aims to illuminate the ways in which the 2011 uprising and the 2013 military coup shaped youth pathways of activism. The research is based on original empirical material in the form of life-story interviews with 48 research participants, carried out between October 2016 and April 2017. The theoretical framework was developed inductively, based on research- participant narratives and the researcher’s observations during the interviews. Participant narratives were interpreted on the basis of a constructionist understanding of actor choices and a view of political positions as temporal and contextually shaped. This thesis combines social-movement theory (SMT) with a multilevel approach to analyse emerging pathways of activism, focusing on the following topics: 1) changes at the macro level, in relation to the Political Opportunity Structure and the effects of repression on cycles of protest and demobilisation; 2) meso level dynamics related to intramovement contestations within the Muslim Brotherhood and; 3) transformative experiences at the personal/micro level, including living in exile and experiencing prison, torture and intellectual exposure. By addressing the role of transformative experiences, the thesis addresses the problem of the aggregation and marginalisation of diverse voices in the study of Islamism. Using this multilevel approach, the present thesis argues that pathways of activism have been shaped by the complex interplay between these three levels. In particular, the findings demonstrate that there is no necessary correlation between repression and radicalisation; instead, they highlight the rising tendency towards political disengagement, in contrast to a lesser tendency towards radicalisation amongst Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood youth. In addition, this thesis demonstrates the analytical invalidity of relying exclusively on either structural or micro foundations in understanding change within social movements.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: University of Warwick
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: HQ The family. Marriage. Woman