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Title: From ḥadīṯ to adab : the development of ʿilm narratives in Classical Arabic literature : a case study on the Kitāb al-adab of Ibn Abī Šayba (d. 235/849) and the Kitāb al-ʿilm of Ibn Qutayba (d. 276/889)
Author: Samba Campos, Estrella
ISNI:       0000 0004 9357 0319
Awarding Body: University of St Andrews
Current Institution: University of St Andrews
Date of Award: 2020
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This thesis is a study on ʿilm as a literary phenomenon in the early ʿAbbāsid Arabic works on ḥadīṯ and adab. It examines the correlation between ʿilm and adab on the basis of selected foundational and pioneering Arabic primary sources from the second/eight-third/ninth centuries. ʿIlm is the term that designates the religious understanding of the Qurʾān and ḥadīṯ. The research on ḥadīṯ has overshadowed the impact of ʿilm and its literary manifestations. There has been a significant shortcoming of studies on ʿilm as a sole concept with no published contributions on the narrative aspects of ʿilm literature to date. Moreover, there is an established division in the perception of ʿilm and adab, isolating both these literary phenomena from one another. Their correlation has been largely overlooked in scholarship. This study aims at understanding ʿilm beyond ḥadīṯ focusing on a set of thematic subjects and narrative elements. It explores the interdependence of ʿilm and adab and suggests a novel perspective to overcome the dichotomy in their definition and interpretation that has been prevalent in research until now. The interconnection of ʿilm as expert knowledge and adab as conduct praxis and etiquette triggered religious narratives and social-cultural constructions of meanings that cross-pollinated one another. This thesis demonstrates that while ʿilm represented the authoritative notion, adab provided a broader potential, promoting literary creativity and a new epistemological significance to ʿilm. The examination of ʿilm as a literary phenomenon, i.e. as a discourse characterised by specific narrative, thematic and structural elements, unveils the intertextual framework spanning from ḥadīṯ to adab, in which both ʿilm and adab were developed in the premodern Arabic literature and thought.
Supervisor: Dmitriev, Kirill Sponsor: University of St Andrews
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Knowledge (?ilm) ; Education (adab) ; Classical Arabic literature ; Late antiquity ; Formative Islam ; Early ?Abba¯sid literature ; H?adi¯t_ ; Ibn Abi¯ S?ayba ; Ibn Qutayba ; Thematic criticism ; Premodern literatures and thought ; Medieval epistemology ; Medieval pedagogical narratives