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Title: *ABA syncretism patterns in pronominal morphology
Author: Middleton, Hannah Jane
ISNI:       0000 0004 9353 3884
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2020
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Syncretism patterns in strong free-standing pronominal forms (specifically anaphors, diaphors, and pronouns) show that they share an underlying functional structure. Based on a new typology of 80 languages, I argue for a hierarchical structure such that diaphors contain pronouns, and anaphors contain diaphors. Each layer of the structure introduces a functional head which places an additional restriction on the antecedent of the pronominal form. The proposed structure derives the fact that of five logically possible patterns of syncretism, only four are attested. I argue further that morphological variation in the realisation of Strict and Sloppy interpretations of anaphors and diaphors can be captured if the features A and D are optionally allowed to drop in the interpretation of alternatives (Sauerland 2013), and that morphological variation in the exponence of anaphors, diaphors and pronouns in languages such as Peranakan Javanese of Semarang can be captured if the notion of Optional Impoverishment is adopted from Nevins & Parrott 2010. Finally, I consider two analyses of pseudo-ABA patterns of syncretism, and argue that only the simple analysis is compatible with the broader analysis of the morphology and morphological behaviour of pronominal forms that I propose in this thesis. In the simple analysis, A and D are not cyclic nodes, and the pronominal tree spells out when it merges with K(ase) (or some higher node). Pseudo-ABA patterns arise when a spanned exponent for [A [D]] and an exponent for P together spell out more of the pronominal structure than any other combination of exponents. The alternative analysis, in which A and D are cyclic nodes, is incompatible with the analysis of variable exponence found in pronominal forms.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available