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Title: Ecological influences on child and adolescent development : evidence from a Philippine birth cohort
Author: Gascoyne, Ben
ISNI:       0000 0004 9359 3414
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2020
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The largest number of children and young people in history are alive today, so the costs of them failing to realise their potential for development are high. Most live in low-income and lower-middle-income countries (LLMICs), where they are vulnerable to risks that may compromise their development. Yet many risk factors in LLMICs are not well understood. Moreover, recent studies suggest that in addition to the critical first 1,000 days there are several key periods of development in later childhood and adolescence which have received comparatively little research attention. This work responds to the gaps in the evidence, examining the influence of exposure to risks in the physical and social environment on health, education and development outcomes in a birth cohort of children from the Philippines. The first chapter provides a brief introduction to the theoretical and empirical evidence on the risks children face in LLMICs as well as a description of the Philippine country context and the birth cohort. The second chapter tests the associations between infant exposure to sanitation risks and subsequent school survival. The third chapter investigates the effects of housing instability in early to middle childhood on cognitive performance at 11 years of age. And, the fourth chapter examines the links between forms of social marginalisation and adolescent mental health and wellbeing. This work’s findings suggest infant exposure to faecal contamination in the home environment shortens the overall length of time children later spend at school. Preprimary-school age children appear to be at risk of developmental deficits and/or delays as a result of changes to their neighbourhood environment. And, adolescents who are excluded or become disengaged from the important socialising institutions of school and the workplace are at increased risk from developing mental disorders, while among older teens the protective effects associated with being in employment are greater than those linked to being in education.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available