Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.815532
Title: An exploration of risk factors and consequences of occupational burnout in mental health professionals
Author: Davis, Benjamin
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2020
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Abstract:
Occupational burnout is an established problem in the caring professions and there is a high prevalence amongst mental health professionals. Burnout can occur in any work context and has two key aspects. The first, emotional exhaustion, relates to feeling emotionally drained and worn out by one's work, potentially to the extent that individuals find it harder to manage work pressures and are negatively impacted outside of work as well. The second, disengagement, relates to losing interest in one's work, and potentially disconnecting from colleagues and patients. Models of burnout commonly think about this problem as an imbalance of demands and effort compared to resources and reward. Higher levels of occupational stress and workload increase risk of burnout and higher levels of professional support and job satisfaction reduce this risk. Burnout has been shown to have detrimental effects on physical and mental health in healthcare professionals and also to negatively impact on service delivery. Another reported consequence is increased job turnover, and this was examined in a systematic review and meta-analysis of mental health professionals. Twenty-three eligible studies were reviewed, sixteen of which were included in a meta-analysis. The latter found a significant, moderate, positive association between burnout and turnover intention. Differences in how studies were performed appeared to account for the variability in the size of association which supports confidence in the findings. The other articles supported the positive association between burnout and turnover, however, as the data was largely correlational and measured at single time-points, we cannot conclude that burnout causes turnover and additional research with better design is required to investigate this possibility. The research study investigated risk factors for burnout in mental health professionals by collecting measures of burnout on seven occasions over 6- months. Personal characteristics such as age and gender, job characteristics such as role and service were collected at the start of the study, as well as several questionnaire-based measures, previously shown to be associated with levels of burnout. The study developed models of burnout aimed to support predicting which individuals might be at higher risk of burnout over time and found a number of factors significantly associated with burnout. Overcommitment and workload-related stress were associated with higher risk of exhaustion. Higher levels of job autonomy and self-efficacy were associated with lower risk of exhaustion. Stress related to organisational processes (e.g. poor management and supervision) was associated with higher risk of disengagement with higher levels of autonomy and job satisfaction associated with lower levels of disengagement. Work-family conflict and overtime were also associated with increased exhaustion indicating work-life balance impacts burnout. Supervisor and colleague support were associated with lower burnout levels. We concluded that interventions directed at both organisational and individual levels, to increase job autonomy and self-efficacy and reduce overcommitment and poor work-life balance, may be more effective than more commonly applied stress management interventions to reduce burnout.
Supervisor: Delgadillo, Jaime ; Barkham, Michael Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.815532  DOI: Not available
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