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Title: Engineering standardised and modular biological controllers for efficient design and easy implementation in synthetic genetic circuits
Author: Dwijayanti, Ari
ISNI:       0000 0004 9357 0642
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2019
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Synthetic biology has the vision to re-design biology in an easier, faster, more robust, efficient, and reliable fashion by applying engineering principles to living systems. To this end, a modular design approach enables rapid prototyping and manufacturing of various synthetic genetic circuit libraries. This transformative approach needs expansion of interchangeable, standardised, and well-characterised genetic components required for composing higherlevel functional circuits. Additionally, compatibility of biological parts into modular design assemblies is highly desirable to streamline fabrication of synthetic genetic circuits. This project is focused on the in vivo characterisation, standardisation, modularisation, and implementation of a set of biomolecular regulators in Escherichia coli, specifically at the transcriptional level through the standardised promoter architecture and the posttranscriptional level via modular Artificial RNA interference (mARi). These regulatory systems were rationally developed within a modular design and DNA assembly framework to facilitate their easy adoption and implementation. The regulatory properties of both controllers were further characterised towards a range of typical genetic and cellular contexts that are important for diverse applications. Additionally, extensibility and orthogonality of these controllers allow for multiplexed and simultaneous regulation of multi-gene systems with alternative configurations. As a demonstration, a standardised inducible promoter was employed to express stress-inducing recombinant proteins. Furthermore, the production of these proteins was improved up to 5-fold by the use of an adaptive and dynamic negative feedback system, which is governed by mARi and driven by the host-stress response. Ultimately, this improvement was robustly maintained in different tested perturbations. Owing to its modularity, this feedback system could potentially improve the production of any recombinant protein of interest without specifically tuning the system or requiring strain modification. Collectively, the genetic regulatory platforms presented in this project greatly provide valuable resources for developing the next-generation of engineered biological circuits.
Supervisor: Baldwin, Geoffrey ; Stan, Guy-Bart Sponsor: Government of Indonesia
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral