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Title: Stochastic analysis of guided wave structural health monitoring for aeronautical composites
Author: Yue, Nan
ISNI:       0000 0004 9357 0087
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2019
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This thesis presents new methods developed for improvement of the reliability of Guided Wave Structural Health Monitoring (GWSHM) systems for aeronautical composite. Particular attention is devoted to the detection and localisation of barely visible impact damage (BVID) in Carbon-Fibre Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) structures. A novel sensor installation method is developed that offers ease of application and replacement as well as excellent durability. Electromechanical Impedance (EMI) is used to assess the durability of the sensor installation methods in simulated aircraft operational conditions, including thermal cycles, fatigue loading and hot-wet conditions. The superiority of the developed method over existing installation methods is demonstrated through extensive tests. Damage characterisation using GWSHM is investigated in different CFRP structures. Key issues in guided wave based damage identification are addressed, including wave mode /frequency selection, the influence of dynamic load, the validity of simulated damage, sensitivity of guided wave to impact damage in different CFRP materials. Identification of barely visible impact damage (BVID) are investigated on three simple CFRP panels and two stiffened CFRP panels. BVID is detected using three different damage index and located using RAPID, Delay-and-sum, Rayleigh maximum likelihood estimation (RMLE) and Bayesian inference (BI). The influence of temperature on guided wave propagation in anisotropic CFRP structures is addressed and a novel baseline reconstruction approach for temperature compensation is proposed. The proposed temperature compensation method accommodates various sensor placement and can be established using coupon level structures for the application in larger scale structures. Finally, a multi-level hierarchical approach is proposed for the quantification of ultrasonic guided wave based structural health monitoring (GWSHM) system. The hierarchical approach provides a systemic and practical way of establishing GWSHM systems for different structures under uncertainties and assessing system performance. The proposed approach is demonstrated in aircraft CFRP structures from coupon level to sub-component level.
Supervisor: Aliabadi, Mohammad Hossien ; Sharif-Kodaei, Zahra Sponsor: European Commission
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral