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Title: The countryside in context : stratigraphic and ceramic analysis at Umm el-Jimal and environs in northeastern Jordan (1st to 20th century AD)
Author: Osinga, Elizabeth Ann
ISNI:       0000 0004 9352 6318
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2017
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The countryside of northeastern Jordan is comparatively little studied in contrast to urban sites. At rural settlements, analysis of primarily military architecture and churches has been undertaken, along with excavation at a few sites; however, the ceramics are sparsely published and important historical developments remain in question. In this thesis, new archaeological and ceramic data from the largest site in the region, Umm el-Jimal, is used to characterise important historical and social developments and to challenge previous assumptions. The first quantified ceramic dataset from the region allows for socio-economic analysis, pinpointing important sources and transitions in pottery supply over time. The site, methodology and aims are introduced in Chapter 1. Chapters 2 and 3 provide essential historical background and highlight key themes in the study of rural and urban settlement. The stratigraphy of the excavations is interpreted in Chapter 4. Ceramic studies in the region are critically evaluated in Chapter 5, followed by a detailed description of the wares/fabrics from Umm el- Jimal. Quantification, as discussed above, follows in Chapter 6. The results of a small ceramic survey in northeast Jordan, undertaken due to a lack of comparative corpora, are presented in Chapter 7. Finally, in Chapter 8, data from Umm el-Jimal and the survey is considered alongside the important themes identified in early chapters, resulting in a reassessment of key phases and transitions at rural sites, and a critical look at the use of ceramic data in recent Levantine research. It is argued that ceramics from rural sites are an essential element in the study of production and exchange, and that data from Umm el-Jimal strongly contributes to current theories of economic developments.
Supervisor: Gascoigne, Alison ; Keay, Simon Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available