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Title: Splitting the check : a political economy of climate change policy
Author: Gard-Murray, Alexander Sayer
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2020
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The literature on climate politics has often treated policy as being nationally uniform, obscuring the ways in which different groups in the economy face different costs from mitigation. Chapter 2 develops a formal model of climate change policymaking in which stringency can vary across sectors of the economy. I show that if capital-owners have some disproportionate influence over the government, it should affect which sectors get targeted with mitigation policy. Chapter 3 uses “shadow price” data developed by Althammer and Hille to measure the stringency of climate policy on a sectoral level. Using multi-level modelling, I show that economic interests have an advantage over environmental ones, that producers have an advantage over consumers, and that capital receives more protection than labor. Chapter 4 examines the role of ideology, and shows that while most parties protect capital to some extent, right parties do so more than left ones. Chapter 5 tests whether broader political economy arrangements that protect labor enable or block stronger mitigation policy. I find that an enabling effect predominates: labor-intense sectors accept heavier policy burdens when labor-protective institutions and policies are stronger. Chapter 6 moves beyond shadow pricing data to look at public opinion. It offers the first many-country study to show that climate attitudes are shaped by individuals’ sector of employment. Chapter 7 concludes with a review of the results and avenues for future research.
Supervisor: Bermeo, Nancy Sponsor: University of Oxford
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Comparative government ; Regulation ; Global warming ; Global warming--Law and legislation ; Climate change mitigation ; Politics and government ; Global warming--Government policy