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Title: Initiating farmer participation in palm oil company's CSR agenda through action research
Author: Satyabrata, Edwind A.
ISNI:       0000 0004 9347 7130
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 2020
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"Initiating Farmer Participation in Palm Oil Company's CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) Agenda through Action Research" is a study which primarily explores and uncovers the issues that palm plantation farmers are facing, specifically at time of the final years of their palm plantation life cycle and following which a replanting exercise for the next plantation life cycle is planned for execution. This is done primarily from soliciting viewpoints directly from the palm plantation farmers, who are "tied" to a large palm oil company within the Indonesia palm oil industry, with supporting information and viewpoints similarly gathered from the operations personnel of the said palm oil company. Subsequently, this study seeks to propose a solution to address those farmer issues, derived from participation and negotiation between the farmers and the personnel of the palm oil company. This is based on the paradigm of AR (action research), on which the study is carried out, with the expectation that both parties in the working relationship engage the other party in order to address the issues facing farmers and improve the current situation both parties are in. The study has uncovered financial-related issues in connection with the replanting exercise for the second plantation life cycle, underscored by the structural aspect of the palm plantation industry of high overall replanting cost; a relative long gestational period of 4 years with no income; and a lessthan-optimal environment of low commodity prices and high interest rates. While the study recommends that the palm oil company take effort to lobby the relevant Indonesian government departments and ministries for interest rates subsidies to be reinstated (as part of its CSR agenda), the industry has moved ahead with the BPDPKS announcing a IDR 25 million (USD 1,802) 1 grant per hectare for plantation smallholders to absolutely defray replanting costs. This highlights the study's relevance in surfacing farmers' concerns, but at the same time, also highlights the power structure within the palm plantation industry, which has historically given less priority to farmers' voices. It is the researcher's hope that similar research could be carried out within the palm oil industry, given its importance in the Indonesian economy, and in light of continually changing environments and key factors, in order to allow the palm oil industry to continue being a strong panacea to rural poverty in Indonesia.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.B.A.) Qualification Level: Doctoral