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Title: Assessment and control of transition to turbulence in plane Couette flow
Author: Pershin, Anton
ISNI:       0000 0004 9351 9177
Awarding Body: University of Leeds
Current Institution: University of Leeds
Date of Award: 2020
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Transition to turbulence in shear flows is a puzzling problem regarding the motion of fluids flowing, for example, through the pipe (pipe flow), as in oil pipelines or blood vessels, or confined between two counter-moving walls (plane Couette flow). In this kind of flows, the initially laminar (ordered and layered) state of fluid motion is linearly stable, but turbulent (disordered and swirling) flows can also be observed if a suitable perturbation is imposed. This thesis concerns the assessment of transitional properties of such flows in the uncontrolled and controlled environments allowing for the quantitative comparisons of control strategies aimed at suppressing or trigerring transition to turbulence. Efficient finite-amplitude perturbations typically take the form of small patches of turbulence embedded in the laminar flow and called turbulent spots. Using direct numerical simulations, the nonlinear dynamics of turbulent spots, modelled as exact solutions, is investigated in the transitional regime of plane Couette flow and a detailed map of dynamics encompassing the main features found in transitional shear flows (self-sustained cycles, front propagation and spot splitting) is built. The map represents a quantitative assessment of transient dynamics of turbulent spots as a dependence of the relaminarisation time, i.e. the time it takes for a finite-amplitude perturbation, added to the laminar flow, to decay, on the Reynolds number and the width of a localised perturbation. By applying a simple passive control strategy, sinusoidal wall oscillations, the change in the spot dynamics with respect to the amplitude and frequency of the wall oscillations is assessed by the re-evaluation of the relaminarisation time for few selected localised initial conditions. Finally, a probabilistic protocol for the assessment of transition to turbulence and its control is suggested. The protocol is based on the calculation of the laminarisation probability, i.e. the probability that a random perturbation decays as a function of its energy. It is used to assess the robustness of the laminar flow to finite-amplitude perturbations in transitional plane Couette flow in a small computational domain in the absence of control and under the action of sinusoidal wall oscillations. The protocol is expected to be useful for a wide range of nonlinear systems exhibiting finite-amplitude instability.
Supervisor: Beaume, Cedric ; Tobias, Steven Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available