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Title: Coupling Rydberg atoms to superconducting microwave circuits
Author: Morgan, Alexandre
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2020
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A hybrid circuit quantum electro-dynamics (circuit QED) setup consisting of helium atoms in high-n Rydberg states and superconducting co-planar waveguide (CPW) microwave resonators has been developed with the goal of performing hybrid quantum optics experiments with applications in quantum information processing. In this thesis an overview of the field of cavity QED is introduced, and numerical methods to calculate the atomic energy level structure and transition dipole moments in electric and magnetic fields are described. Using this background information, a new method for efficiently preparing high-n circular Rydberg states is presented. This was required to ac- cess circular-state–to–circular-state transition frequencies in experiments which are compatible with superconducting CPW microwave resonators. Experimental and numerical results demonstrating the implementation of this method for the preparation of the |n = 70, l = 69, ml = +69⟩ circular state in helium are reported. The design and fabrication of λ/4 superconducting CPW microwave resonators, compatible with these high-n circular Rydberg states of helium is then described. The effects of microwave driving power, temperature and magnetic field on the characteristics of these resonators are presented. Finally, experiments in which helium Rydberg atoms have been coherently coupled to the microwave field of a superconducting co-planar waveguide resonator are reported.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available