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Title: Joint approaches for learning word representations from text corpora and knowledge bases
Author: Alsuhaibani, Mohammed
ISNI:       0000 0004 9352 0741
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 2020
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The work presented in this thesis is directed at investigating the possibility of combining text corpora and Knowledge Bases (KBs) for learning word representations. More specifically, the aim was to propose joint approaches that leverage the two types of resources for the purpose of enhancing the word meaning representations. The main research question to be answered was “Is it possible to enhance the word representations by jointly incorporating text corpora and KBs into the word representations learning process? If so, what are the aspects of word meaning that can be enhanced by combining those two types of resources? ”. The primary contribution of the thesis is three main joint approaches for learning word representations: (i) Joint Representation Learning for Additional Evidence (JointReps), (ii) Joint Hierarchical Word Representation (HWR) and (iii) Sense-Aware Word Representations (SAWR). The JointReps was founded to improve the overall semantic representation of words. To this end, it sought additional evidence from a KB to the co-occurrence statistics in the corpus. In particular, JointReps enforced two words that are in a particular semantic relationship in the KB to have similar word representations. The HWR approach was then proposed to learn word representations in a specific order to encode the hierarchical information in a KB in the learnt representations. The HWR considered not only the hypernym relations that exist between words in a KB, but also contextual information in a text corpus. Specifically, given a training corpus and a KB, HWR learnt word representations that simultaneously encoded the hierarchical structure in the KB as well as the co-occurrence statistics between pairs of words in the corpus. A particularly novel aspect of the HWR approach was that it exploits the full hierarchical path of words existing in the KB. The SAWR approach was then introduced to consider not only word representations but also the different senses (different meanings) associated with each word. The SAWR required the learnt representations to predict the word and the senses accurately. It learnt the sense-aware word representations jointly using both unlabelled and sense-labelled text corpora. The approaches were comprehensively analysed and evaluated in various standard and newly-proposed tasks using a wide range of benchmark datasets. The evaluation was conducted to compare the quality of the learnt word representations by the proposed approaches with word representations learnt by sole-resource baselines and previously proposed joint approaches in the literature. All the proposed joint approaches have proven to be effective for enhancing the learnt word representations. More specifically, the proposed joint approaches were found to report significant improvements over the approaches that use only one type of resources and the previously proposed joint approaches.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral