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Title: Control strategies of series active variable geometry suspension for cars
Author: Cheng, Cheng
ISNI:       0000 0004 9350 0951
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2018
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This thesis develops control strategies of a new type of active suspension for high performance cars, through vehicle modelling, controller design and application, and simulation validation. The basic disciplines related to automotive suspensions are first reviewed and are followed by a brief explanation of the new Series Active Variable Geometry Suspension (SAVGS) concept which has been proposed prior to the work in this thesis. As part of the control synthesis, recent studies in suspension control approaches are intensively reviewed to identify the most suitable control approach for the single-link variant of the SAVGS. The modelling process of the high-fidelity multi-body quarter- and full- vehicle models, and the modelling of the linearised models used throughout this project are given in detail. The design of the controllers uses the linearised models, while the performance of the closed loop system is investigated by implementing the controllers to the nonlinear models. The main body of this thesis elaborates on the process of synthesising H∞ control schemes for quarter-car to full-car control. Starting by using the quarter-car single-link variant of the SAVGS, an H∞ -controlled scheme is successfully constructed, which provides optimal road disturbance and external force rejection to improve comfort and road holding in the context of high frequency dynamics. This control technique is then extended to the more complex full-car SAVGS and its control by considering the pitching and rolling motions in the context of high frequency dynamics as additional objectives. To improve the level of robustness to single-link rotations and remove the geometry nonlinearity away from the equilibrium position, an updated approach of the full-car SAVGS H∞ -controlled scheme is then developed based on a new linear equivalent hand-derived full-car model. Finally, an overall SAVGS control framework is developed, which operates by blending together the updated H∞ controller and an attitude controller, to tackle the comfort and road holding in the high frequency vehicle dynamics and chassis attitude motions in the low frequency vehicle dynamics simultaneously. In all cases, cascade inner position controllers developed prior to the work in this thesis are employed at each corner of the vehicle and combined with the control systems developed in this thesis, to ensure that none of the physical or design limitations of the actuator are violated under any circumstances.
Supervisor: Evangelou, Simos Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral