Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Morphogenetic principles of brain organisation in health and disease
Author: Seidlitz, Jakob
ISNI:       0000 0004 9348 1885
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2020
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below.
Access from Institution:
Non-invasive neuroimaging methods, such as MRI, provide a window into the structure of the mammalian brain. However, despite the ubiquity of these methods, the biological interpretation of the information obtained using these tools remains elusive. In order to accurately link this macroscale data to microscale measurements, it is critical that the construct validity is high. This thesis provides novel analyses, pipelines and methods to: i) generate and validate maps of brain organisation obtained via MRI, and ii) demonstrate the utility of these methods in capturing elements of cognition and psychopathology. First, in Chapter 1, I review some of the neuroscientific context for the new methods presented, from cytoarchitecture to gene expression to connectomes. Chapters 2-4 introduce a new method, “Morphometric Similarity Mapping”, which captures the brain organisation of an individual by mapping the relationships of multiple features of the cerebral cortex. Chapter 2 focuses on the development of the analysis pipeline and the graph theoretical features of the resulting morphometric similarity networks (MSNs), with an emphasis on reproducibility. Chapter 3 highlights the generalisability of MSNs to the macaque monkey, linking MSNs to ex vivo tract tracing experiments and presenting new tools for processing non-human imaging data; as well as evidence that MSN topography is organised by cytoarchitectonic features. Chapter 4 is focused on determining the transcriptomic correlates of MSNs using publicly available gene expression maps, and on applying MSNs to examine the relationship between brain organisation and intelligence. Chapter 5 is dedicated to rigorous evaluation of the applicability of MSNs to measure specific disease-relevant phenotypes in 8 rare genetic disorder cohorts. This includes the validation of novel methods for utilising data from both single-cell sequencing technologies and differential gene expression experiments (in multiple tissue types) in analysing neuroimaging and bulk transcriptomic brain maps. Chapter 6 provides a brief summary and presents some ongoing and future projects expanding on this original work. It also importantly discusses a general framework of comparing brain maps, including MSNs and gene expression, as well as other canonical maps of brain structure and function. Altogether, this thesis presents and evaluates novel methods and applications for integrating multimodal neuroimaging data with genetic data derived from multiple tissue types and through various acquisition strategies. It also includes tools for performing these analyses in non-human primates, and pipelines for statistically comparing brain maps. These results not only provide insight into the manifestation of brain-related changes due to various components of human variation, but also provides a framework for evaluating this variation at multiple biological scales purely from non-invasive neuroimaging data.
Supervisor: Bullmore, Edward Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: MRI ; Morphology ; Transcriptomics