Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: The relationship between screen media exposure and early language development
Author: Alroqi, Haifa
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2019
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
In recent years, there has been a rising trend in screen media use among young children. This has led to heated debate over the benefits and hazards of technology use, especially in the first few years of life, which represent a time of rapid language development (Bornstein, 2015; Bradley et al., 1989; Cote & Bornstein, 2005; Huttenlocher, 2002; National Research Council and Institute of Medicine, 2000; Rodriguez et al., 2009; Stiles, 2000). The aim of this thesis is to explore screen media use among young children in Saudi Arabia, parentsâ€TM roles in mediating their childrenâ€TMs screen media use, and the relationship between screen media exposure and early language development. Three studies were conducted to achieve this aim. The first study (Paper 1/Chapter 2) explored the home screen media environment of 220 Saudi children aged 1 to 3 years, whose primary caregivers completed an online survey. The findings showed that the vast majority of these children had started watching television and using mobile media devices before the age of 2 years. The majority of the children exceeded the American Academy of Pediatricsâ€TM screen time recommendation for their age. Results also indicated that screen media use rates among Saudi toddlers are higher than those reported in the U.S. and the UK. The second study (Paper 2/Chapter 3) sought to explore parental beliefs and attitudes regarding young childrenâ€TMs screen media use as well as parental media mediation practices. The study, which was conducted on the same sample in Paper 1, revealed that caregiversâ€TM views of what constitutes the appropriate age to introduce screens and the appropriate amount of daily screen time do not match up with their childrenâ€TMs actual practices. Caregivers were also found to underestimate the amount of time that their children spend with screens and to allow their young children to use screens in an effort to keep them occupied, entertain them, or help them learn languages. Most caregivers said that they believe that screen media use leads family members to spend less time together and that television viewing has a positive impact on childrenâ€TMs language development, while mobile media use has a negative impact. The third study (Paper 3/Chapter 4) investigated the association between the quantity, content, and social context of screen media exposure and the language development of 85 Saudi children aged 1 to 3 years. Weekly event-based diaries and surveys were employed to track childrenâ€TMs screen media use patterns and the social contexts of their screen media use. Childrenâ€TMs language development was assessed using the JISH Arabic Communicative Development Inventory (JACDI; Dashash & Safi, 2014), the official Arabic adaptation of the MacArthur–Bates Communicative Development Inventories (CDI; Fenson et al., 1993). Out of the three screen media viewing parameters (quantity, content, and context), the most significant predictor of expressive and receptive vocabulary in 12- to 16-month-olds was screen media context (as measured by the frequency of childrenâ€TMs interactive joint media engagements). In older children (17- to 36-month-olds), higher levels of screen media quantity (as measured by the amount of time spent viewing screens daily, the prevalence of background TV in the childrenâ€TMs environment, and the onset age of screen media viewing) had the greatest negative impact on childrenâ€TMs expressive vocabulary and utterance length. The findings from this thesis have the potential to inform policy and practice related to childrenâ€TMs screen media use and its association with early language development.
Supervisor: Cameron-Faulkner, Thea Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: media mediation ; mobile media ; toddlers ; receptive vocabulary ; vocabulary size ; touchscreens ; technology ; screen time ; language development ; expressive vocabulary