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Title: Accountability in responses to natural disasters : a case study of flooding in Garut, West Java, Indonesia
Author: Suryaman, Yaman
ISNI:       0000 0004 8506 5064
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 2020
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This study assesses how accountability is practiced and justified in collaboration of cross-sector organisations and community. It addresses three main questions: firstly, what are the roles of actors in collaborative working setting of repeated flooding, where government organisations and non-government organisations, civil society groups, and individuals all work together in dealing with this recurring issue; secondly, what is working relationship between different actors in four phases of disaster management; and thirdly, how does accountability arrangement affect actions in every disaster phase. These three questions are addressed through case study approach conducted between 2015-2019. The research involves qualitative analysis of collected data from field work and semi-structured interviews with actors who involve in disaster management. This data is complemented by document analysis. There is a contrast in the response to disaster management between the state and some communities and local NGOs. The communities and local NGOs respond to natural disaster according to their ancestral beliefs and knowledge about their relationship with nature. In contrast, local government institutions often execute transactional projects which are measured by results of short-term activities. Local communities use their knowledge from generation to generation in preserving and treating nature as part of their life but this does not inform government activities in the development of the natural environment (e.g, farming and tourism sectors). This study finds that accountability concept is recognised differently by the state (local government of Garut officers) and people, including NGOs and donors. The state defines accountability as a hierarchical mechanism which is manifested in the form of reports to higher authority within state system. However, accountability in disaster management has different aspects including the natural environment as an actor. Nature has a significant influence in understandings of the concept of accountability in disaster responses. There are two types of accountability within this context. Accountability between actors which is influenced by nature and between actors with nature. The first accountability type is a negotiable accountability and the second accountability type is non-negotiable type of accountability. Understandings of accountability in developing countries needs to engage with the idea of the prismatic society and recognize the experience of colonization.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral