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Title: Novel radiometric imaging diagnostics for charged particle beams
Author: Wolfenden, J.
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 2019
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Diagnostics are crucial to the operation of all particle accelerator facilities. They provide a means of optimising beam parameters and monitoring beam quality for users. However, for the next generation of accelerators, operating in extreme parameter spaces, most current beam diagnostics will fail; either through material failure or lack of resolution. This thesis presents three new diagnostic concepts to address this imminent diagnostic need. These novel diagnostics are supported by a simulation-based algorithm, successfully benchmarked throughout this work. All work has been conducted by the Author unless otherwise stated and referenced. The first technique measures sub-micron transverse beam profiles using optical transition radiation (OTR). Simulations were used to design a new imaging system, which was then installed at KEK (Japan). OTR images were then collected for a range of beam sizes. Comparisons were then made with simulations to successfully achieve sub-micron beam size measurements. Validation of these results was found in the agreement across different imaging systems for fixed beam parameters, providing a self-consistency check for the algorithm in lieu of alternate corroboration. The next diagnostic is a bunch length monitor for ∼ < 100 fs particle bunches; based on imaging the spatial distribution of coherent transition radiation (CTR) in the THz regime. Simulations demonstrated a relationship between image width and intensity, with bunch length. A THz imaging system was then installed at MAX IV (Sweden). CTR images were taken for a range of compressions. Maximum compression was successfully identified by monitoring relative changes in the properties of the images. Bunch lengths were then acquired from these images through comparison with simulations. Finally, the optical performance of a Digital Micro-mirror Device (DMD) was assessed. Image resolution produced by a DMD was quantified by measuring the Point Spread Function (PSF) of an imaging system, which was capable of remotely replacing a DMD with a planar mirror. The PSFs were measured using the sub-micron focus of a laser. Results show no measurable alteration to a PSF with the introduction of a DMD. This provides a foundation for the development of future diagnostics centred around this device. This thesis provides several validated proof-of-principle experimental results and supporting simulations. Future work has been identified for each topic, only possible following the results presented here, which will provide an array of novel next generation diagnostics.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral