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Title: Race and processes of racialisation in British international development discourse, 1997-2017
Author: Goodfellow, Maya
ISNI:       0000 0004 8509 6602
Awarding Body: SOAS University of London
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 2019
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This thesis analyses the role race and processes of racialisation play in British development discourse about India between 1997 and 2017. Using Stuart Hall’s conceptualisation of race, paired with critical race scholarship, decolonial theory, postcolonial theory and Gramscian notions of hegemony, it offers original empirical findings by examining and comparing three key areas: a) government discourse on development; b) development professionals’ views of their work and c) British newspaper reporting on development in India. The processes of racialisation present in each, and how they interact with colonial tropes, gender and class are evaluated qualitatively and comparatively. They are also compared with domestic discourses already established as racialised, that is discourses on race and asylum and immigration. I demonstrate continuities across these different realms, and identify significant similarities between the arguments of ‘pro’ and ‘anti’ development proponents in British politics. It is by looking at these multiple strands of discourse, articulated at times by different actors, that I suggest racialised development discourse is hegemonic. This thesis offers an original contribution in examining how shifting forms of racialisation operate in development discourse and by arguing that dominant development discourse is key to maintaining and is also maintained by representations of Britishness that are synonymous with whiteness. In addition, it not only demonstrates how race is central to ideas of development but also how this can be masked through competing forms of racialisation of the ‘to-be-developed’ and seemingly ‘positive’ forms of racialisation of people in India.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral