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Title: Non-linear system identification and control of solvent-based post-combustion CO2 capture process
Author: Akinola, Toluleke E.
ISNI:       0000 0004 8509 1342
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2019
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Solvent-based post-combustion capture (PCC) is a well-developed technology for CO2 capture from power plants and industry. A reliable model that captures the dynamics of the solvent-based capture process is essential to implement suitable control system design. Typically, first principles models are used, however, they usually require comprehensive knowledge and in-depth understanding of the process. In addition, the high computational time required and high complexity of the first principles models makes it unsuitable for control system design implementation. This thesis is aimed at the development of a reliable dynamic model via system identification technique as well as a suitable process control strategy for the solvent-based post-combustion CO2 capture process. The nonlinear autoregressive with exogenous (NARX) inputs model is employed to represent the relationship between the input variables and output variables as two multiple-input single-output (MISO) sub-systems. The forward regression with orthogonal least squares (FROLS) algorithm is implemented to select an accurate model structure that best describes the dynamics within the process. The prediction performance of the identified NARX models is promising and shows that the models capture the underlying dynamics of the CO2 capture process. The model obtained was adopted for various process control system design of the solvent-based PCC process (conventional PI, MPC, and NMPC). For the conventional PI controller design, multivariable control analysis was carried out to determine a suitable control structure. Control performance evaluation of the control schemes reveals that the NMPC scheme was suitable to control the solvent-based PCC process at flexible operations. Findings obtained from the thesis underlines the advancement in dynamic modelling and control implementation of solvent-based PCC process.
Supervisor: Wang, Meihong ; Oko, Eni Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available