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Title: Design and development of dual-polarised photovoltaic solar antennae for Ku-band SatComs
Author: Nashad, Farhat Emhemed
ISNI:       0000 0004 8506 1194
Awarding Body: Northumbria University
Current Institution: Northumbria University
Date of Award: 2018
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The aim of this thesis is to review the state-of-the-art of transparent patch antennae and to develop design techniques for the experimental development of dual-band, dual-polarised compact transparent patch antennae integrated with solar cells for Ku-band satellite applications. It can be specifically used for Fixed-Satellite-Services (FSS) operating over the frequency range from 11.7 GHz to 12.22 GHz (downlink) and 14.0 GHz to 14.5 GHz (uplink) bands. The research reported in this thesis demonstrated a suspended meshed patch antennae serves as a basic building-block element for a Ku-band dual-polarised transparent array antennae for long distance communications. The results are shown that the use of a suspended patch above a printed radiating patch and ground plane (all transparent) provides dual-band operation for the uplink and downlink. In this work, firstly, a compact low-profile linearly polarised meshed element has been designed, and simulated in CST Microwave Studio electromagnetic simulation software. The photovoltaic antennae element was then fabricated and measured. The comparison between the experimental results and simulation by CST demonstrates good agreement between predicted and practical measurements. The developed antennae element achieved the overall broad bandwidth of more than 1GHz (500 MHz in each of the uplink and downlink bands), and the nominal element gain is 6.055 dBi (downlink) and 7.61 dBi (uplink). A good compromise between the RF performance and the transparency is also obtained with optical transparency of 84% and negligible degradation of the RF performance. The design is then extended to develop a Ku-band photovoltaic antennae element for dualpolarised operation This element could be used for frequency re-use in Ku-band satellite downlink and uplink communicationsin order to double capacity. In addition, the simulation of a 2 x2 sub-array of dual polarised transparent antennae elements (using the experimentally measured performance of the single dual-polarised element) is presented. It has yielded a narrow beam with increased gain of 13 dBi and a cross-polar discrimination of greater than 30 dB is demonstrated, which is a requirement for frequency re-use operation. Hence, the dual-polarised 4-element sub-array described herein could be utilised as the primary building block for a 2D SatCom phased array antennae. In order to meet the full requirements of Kuband SatCom communications employing frequency re-use which essentially doubles the achievable capacity, i.e. two data channels can use the same frequency bands simultaneously using the two orthogonal polarisations with high cross-polar isolation. Using these new designs providing new knowledge in the field of photovoltaic communication antennae at high frequencies, and bridge the associated drawbacks with the current PV antennae.
Supervisor: Elsdon, Michael ; Foti, Steve ; Smith, Dave Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering