Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.799644
Title: Investigating inherited renal disorders and identification of a novel cause of Joubert syndrome
Author: Alkanderi, Sumaya
ISNI:       0000 0004 8505 8745
Awarding Body: Newcastle University
Current Institution: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Date of Award: 2019
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Abstract:
Joubert syndrome (JBTS) is a genetically heterogeneous neurodevelopmental ciliopathy that can have severe renal manifestations requiring renal replacement therapy. JBTS can be caused by mutation in 34 genes, however more than 50% of JBTS cases have unknown genetic causes. Through a multidisciplinary renalgenetics family clinic we studied a cohort of patients with inherited renal disorders and identified two families with JBTS phenotype and unknown molecular genetic diagnosis. We further investigated the underlying genetic aetiology of Joubert syndrome using combined homozygosity mapping of both families highlighted a candidate locus on chromosome 10, and whole exome sequencing revealed two missense variants in ARL3 within the candidate locus. The encoded protein, ADP ribosylation factor-like GTPase 3 (ARL3), is a small GTP-binding protein that is involved in trafficking lipid-modified proteins into the cilium in a GTP-dependent manner. Both missense variants replace the highly conserved Arg149 residue, which we show to be necessary for the interaction with its guanine nucleotide exchange factor ARL13B. Using patients derived fibroblasts, we identified that the mutant ARL3 protein is associated with reduced ciliary cargo protein INPP5E and NPHP3 localization in cilia.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.799644  DOI: Not available
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