Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.798649
Title: Making the ocean visible : science and mobility on the Challenger Expedition, 1872-1895
Author: Jones, Erika Lynn
ISNI:       0000 0004 8508 1099
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2019
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Abstract:
This thesis examines how the voyage of the Challenger Expedition (1872-1876) and the publication of the expedition's findings, the Report on the Scientific Results of HMS Challenger (1880-1895) made knowledge of the ocean. The thesis argues that the ocean was made visible through a diverse range of mobilities that operated on many scales and in a variety of spaces in addition to the ship at sea. Each chapter explores a different aspect of mobility and the construction of natural knowledge. The motive forces of the Royal Navy supported the voyage of HMS Challenger around the world; the Baillie depth sounder followed the routes of future submarine telegraphic cables while surveying the great ocean basins; the speed of travel was paramount to the preservation of marine specimens; expedition photography was guided by the aims of the Royal Engineers but was also an embodied mobile practice; and the study of Challenger echinoderms involved the travels of the American naturalist Alexander Agassiz (1835-1910) and international scientific networks. To illustrate the geology of the ocean floor in the Report on Deep-Sea Deposits (1891), authors John Murray (1841-1914) and A. F. Renard (1842-1903) worked within a complex mobile-system of publication coordinated from the Challenger Office in Edinburgh using improved administrative systems. Knowledge of the ocean was thus made by a vast meshwork of mobilities on both land and sea, made possible by nineteenth-century transformations in how people and things moved. The resources of the British Empire further assisted and channeled the mobility of the ship, instruments, scientists, and materials through global flows of trade that connected London to its colonies. This historical geography underscores how the Challenger Expedition operated on an unprecedented scale and thus contributed to the development of oceanography as a global science.
Supervisor: Werrett, S. ; Dunn, R. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.798649  DOI: Not available
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