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Title: Supplementary schools : sites of social capital?
Author: Patterson, Valerie
ISNI:       0000 0004 8507 7540
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2019
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This research explores the potential of supplementary education to generate social capital for children and young people, focusing on three supplementary schools in an urban locality in England. The study builds on research that examines the impact of supplementary education on pupils' attainment and goes on to explore the wider benefits of supplementary education for parents and pupils. It focuses on the generation of social capital through bonding, bridging and linking opportunities provided through the supplementary schools. It is set in the context of an age of performativity, discussed in Chapter 2.5, where the dominant values in today's schooling, especially under the influence of hyperaccountability, emphasise individualism (Watkins et al, 2007). The thesis is written through a social constructionist perspective, which contends that our understanding of the world is constructed and reconstructed on a daily basis through social interactions with other people (Burr 1995, p.3). Social identities and inequalities are thus not fixed but fluid and subject to the social world in which they exist. Spaces, for example, educational spaces, become "fundamental in any exercise of power" (Foucault 2001, p.361). This is a qualitative study, a multiple case study including participant observation and semi-structured interviews with current and past pupils, staff and parents. I argue that supplementary schools provide learning spaces where the combination of friendship, resources and informality create an optimum social environment for learning. Opportunities are created in these bonded spaces for bridging to people and organisations in wider society and to a lesser extent linking to further progression opportunities. The study argues that terms such as bonding, bridging and linking cannot be seen as discrete. It identifies progression capital as a form of capital that supports pupils and parents to extend their cultural capital. The study contends that supplementary schools may constitute an important form of social capital. Through their enactment of different forms of knowledge they are institutions, echoing Foucault, through which power passes (Foucault 2001, p.356). By instituting their own sites of power, parents are able to exercise agency and develop schools which have the ability to disrupt systematic disadvantage and in this way can be seen as transformative.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available