Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.798288
Title: New-build gentrification and anti-gentrification movements in Seoul, South Korea
Author: Lee, Seon Young
Awarding Body: King's College London
Current Institution: King's College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2014
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Abstract:
This research examines new-build, high-rise gentrification in Seoul, South Korea, and its social impact in the context of the developmental state and its legacy. Socio-spatial justice was ignored for the sake of rapid economic growth between the 1960s and 1980s under the authoritarian developmental state. These characteristics were reflected in spatial development processes and have continued to the present day, even though politics has been democratised and liberalised. Cities have been extensively redeveloped as growth machines by pro-growth coalitions, consisting of property owners, chaebols and the state, over the last three decades. Urban redevelopment in Korea has functioned as gentrification, causing large scale displacement and extensive social protest and conflict. Tenants have limited rights in the process of urban redevelopment, so their attempts to resist have not been successful at halting gentrification. Political and economic analyses of in-depth interviews and data gained through participant observation pertaining to the Yongsan urban redevelopment and property owners-led opposition movements has revealed the characteristics of gentrification and anti-gentrification movements. The developmental state has promoted gentrification at the expense of tenants and some property owners’ economic, social and political rights. Even though the state has been the main beneficiary of gentrification, numerous property owners have joined pro-growth coalitions for their own profits. However, property owners have collectively formed opposition movements over the last five years, as many of them have realised the contradictions of the Korean urban redevelopment system and come to understand that it has been paving the way for gentrification. Property owners-led opposition movements have been pushing the state to come up with a different urban redevelopment system. Although the characteristics of the new social movements are rather ambiguous and sometimes contradictory, they have undoubtedly hindered and changed the direction of urban redevelopment and the overall housing system.
Supervisor: Hamnett, Christopher ; Butler, Timothy Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.798288  DOI: Not available
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