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Title: On arithmetic progressions and perfect powers
Author: Edis, Sam
ISNI:       0000 0004 8506 298X
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2019
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In this thesis we will consider the problems that occur at the intersection of arithmetic progressions and perfect powers. In particular we will study the Erd˝os-Selfridge curves, By^l = x(x + d). . .(x + (k − 1)d), and sums of powers of arithmetic progressions, in particular y ^l = (x−d)^3+x^3+ (x+d)^3 . We shall study these curves using aspects of algebraic and analytic number theory. To all the equations studied we shall show that a putative solution gives rise to solutions of (potentially many) Fermat equations. In the case of Erd˝os-Selfridge curves we will use the modular method to understand the prime divisors of d for large `. Then we shall attach Dirichlet characters to such solutions, which allows us to use analytic methods regarding bounds on the value of sums of characters. These bounds will allow us to show that there can't be too many simultaneous solutions to the Fermat equations we described. This leads to a contradiction for large k, as the number of Fermat equations generated will grow faster than the possible number of simultaneous solutions. We study the arithmetic progression curves by attaching Fermat equations of signature (l, l, 2). We then use the classical modular method to attach Frey-Hellegouarch curves and level lowered modular forms. It is possible to show that the Frey-Hellegouarch curves that associate to modular forms in a non-trivial cuspidal newspace are all quadratic twists of each other. It is then possible to compute if there are modular forms of the right level that could associate to such a twist of an elliptic curve.
Supervisor: Jarvis, Frazer Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available