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Title: The development of thiosulfonates as cysteine protease inhibitors
Author: Ward, David John
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 2019
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Cysteine proteases are ubiquitous throughout nature as proteolytic machinery that are responsible for key physiological processes. Unregulated, uncontrolled or undesired proteolysis is often a key process in many disease states. As such, specific inhibitors of cysteine proteases offer a unique therapeutic target for chemotherapeutic intervention. This is particularly true in many diseases caused by parasitic infections, such as Malaria, Schistosomiasis and Chagas disease, as the parasitic lifecycle is often highly dependent upon cysteine proteases. The majority of attempts at conferring specificity of covalent inhibitors have been derived from classical structure activity relationship (SAR) studies. Such studies place emphasis on the primary non-covalent interaction with little optimisation of the electrophillic trap, which forms the covalent bond, being attempted. In this work a new class of electrophillic traps, the thiosulfonates, will be developed as cysteine protease inhibitors. This aims to take advantage of the differing chemistry observed for cysteine proteases, with a sulfur centred nucleophile, rather than the oxygen centred nucleophile which is present in all other protease classes. When combined with classical SAR this two pronged attack should greatly increase inhibitor specificity and reduce off target effects, adding to the chemical toolkit available to medicinal chemists. Throughout this work the synthesis, reactivity profiles and biological evaluation of thiosulfonates as cysteine protease inhibitors will be explored. Computational modelling studies will be incorporated, highlighting the synergy between classical SAR and electrophilic trap optimisation. This will culminate in the application of thiosulfonates towards schistosomiasis, the second biggest neglected tropical disease after malaria.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: QD Chemistry