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Title: Greece's economic development and early European integration : business strategies and state policies, 1945-1962
Author: Vasilopoulos, Ioannis
ISNI:       0000 0004 8503 0670
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 2019
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This thesis explores, through the lens of state-business relations, Greece's participation in the process of European integration from 1945 until 1962. During this period, Greece's economy was progressively integrated with the economies of Western Europe and in 1962 the Greek state was the first to associate with the newly created European Economic Community (EEC). Most authors and academics have concluded that Greece's road to the EEC was driven solely from above, as part of the government's foreign policy emphasizing geopolitical motives. This study, situates the interrelated problems of (un)employment and economic (under)development at the centre of the analysis, arguing, instead, that Greece's road toward Europe was a complex politico-economic process considerably influenced by business interests. It shows how and why business and state agencies had collectively identified the country's viability with the development of economic and commercial relationships initially with the US and, after 1950, with West Germany, aiming to resolve its viability problem and to remain within the western capitalist bloc. For these reasons, Greece participated in the process of European integration from the very beginning, adopting in turn its own European strategy. This strategy included not only the aims of the Greek side during the relevant negotiations but, as will be argued, the industrial and commercial policies applied were also a substantive part of this strategy. Equally, it is claimed that big business and state agencies cooperated to formulate and implement these two policies. In this way, this research contributes not only to the Greek historiography on economic development and to the debate in respect of Greece's road to Europe. It also adds to the historiographical strand on European integration which, through a business history perspective, has incorporated business interests in the analysis.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: DF Greece ; HC Economic History and Conditions ; HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform