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Title: Synthetic studies towards trichothecene mycotoxins
Author: Egan, Mark James
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 1991
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This thesis describes the first synthesis of a tetrahydroxylated trichothecene mycotoxin, 3alpha,4beta,8alpha,15-tetra-hydroxy-12,13-epoxy trichothec-9-ene (T-2 tetraol) (19), as its tetraacetate (Neosolaniol diacetate) (319) (Scheme 86). The synthetic strategy consists of five key elements. 1) formation of the cis fused AB ring system by a Diels-Alder cycloaddition; 2) formation of ring C by an intramolecular aldol reaction; 3) creation of the 3alpha,4beta-diol system of ring C by a stereoselective a-oxygenation/reduction protocol; 4) ring A enone formation via a regiospecific thermodynamically controlled alpha-selenylation, and 5) regio and stereospecific reduction of this enone to the required alpha-alcohol. As part of a concerted effort towards this molecule, this thesis reports a model study aimed at achieving the 3alpha,4beta-diol system of ring C (Scheme 52). The partial synthesis of 8-keto-anguidine (297) described herein (Chapter 2.2) allowed a study (Chapter 2.3) of the stereochemical outcome of the reduction of ring A enones by various reducing agents: it is shown that L-Selectride reduces such enones stereospecifically to 8alpha-alcohols. Attempted completion of an approach to deoxynivalenol (6) (Chapter 2.5) is discussed. The termination of this route is attributed to competing intramolecular processes which prevented successful olefination of the ketone (362).
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available