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Title: Aspects of the electroweak theory
Author: Porter, Helen Julia
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 1990
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This thesis is divided into two quite distinct parts, linked only by the central role of the electroweak theory in each. The first part is concerned with the experimentally observed DeltaI =1/2 selection rule in weak Kaon decays, and we consider an extension to the Standard Model which might allow a satisfactory theoretical explanation of the rule. The second part forms the major part of the thesis and is related to the well-known baryon asymmetry of the Universe. We explore the possibility that the non-perturbative sector of the electroweak theory could play a central role in the production of such an asymmetry. We use lattice gauge techniques to simulate the electroweak interactions in the phase with restored SU(2) symmetry and numerically calculate a rate for baryon number non-conservation processes which is then compared to the existing theoretical predictions. Ma has recently proposed an extension to the Standard Model which contains new penguin diagrams and which should therefore contribute to DeltaI = 1/2 processes. The new model must be constrained to preserve the observed small KL-KS mass difference. We correct and reanalyse the model and search the parameter space numerically to find suitable values for the new particle masses. We find that that the model is unable to provide the necessary enhancement to fully understand the rule. The electroweak theory may play a major role in the generation of the baryon asymmetry of the Universe. It provides for fermion number non-conservation by allowing sphaleron type transitions across the potential barrier separating different topological sectors. These transitions are thought to become rapid at high temperature, but perturbative calculations are not possible because of infrared singularities. We have used lattice gauge theory to study the evolution of an SU(2) gauge-Higgs system in the high temperature, unbroken symmetry phase. A Minkowski metric was used so that we were able to measure the rate of sphaleron transitions in real time, by following the development of the Chern- Simons number, Ncs, which is closely related to the topological charge. We include a description of the problems relating to the measurement of topological quantities on the lattice and compare the results of using different techniques to measure them. Using 8.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available