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Title: Computer-aided design of switched-capacitor filters
Author: Henderson, Robert Kerr
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 1989
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This thesis describes a series of computer methods for the design of switched-capacitor filters. Current software is greatly restricted in the types of transfer function that can be designed and in the range of filter structures by which they can be implemented. To solve the former problem, several new filter approximation algorithms are derived from Newton's method, yielding the Remez algortithm as a special case (confirming its convergency properties). Amplitude responses with arbitrary passband shaping and stopband notch positions are computed. Points of a specified degree of tangency to attenuation boundaries (touch points) can be placed in the response, whereby a family of transfer functions between Butterworth and elliptic can be derived, offering a continuous trade-off in group delay and passive sensitivity properties. The approximation algorithms have also been applied to arbitrary group delay correction by all-pass functions. Touch points form a direct link to an iterative passive ladder design method, which bypasses the need for Hurwitz factorisation. The combination of iterative and classical synthesis methods is suggested as the best compromise between accuracy and speed. It is shown that passive ladder prototypes of a minimum-node form can be efficiently simulated by SC networks without additional op-amps. A special technique is introduced for canonic realisation of SC ladder networks from transfer functions with finite transmission at high frequency, solving instability and synthesis difficulties. SC ladder structures are further simplified by synthesising the zeros at +/-2fs which are introduced into the transfer function by bilinear transformation. They cause cancellation of feedthrough branches and yield simplified LDI-type SC filter structures, although based solely on the bilinear transform. Matrix methods are used to design the SC filter simulations. They are shown to be a very convenient and flexible vehicle for computer processing of the linear equations involved in analogue filter design. A wide variety of filter structures can be expressed in a unified form. Scaling and analysis can readily be performed on the system matrices with great efficiency. Finally, the techniques are assembled in a filter compiler for SC filters called PANDDA. The application of the above techniques to practical design problems is then examined. Exact correction of sinc(x), LDI termination error, pre-filter and local loop telephone line weightings are illustrated. An optimisation algorithm is described, which uses the arbitrary passband weighting to predistort the transfer function for response distortions. Compensation of finite amplifier gain-bandwidth and switch resistance effects in SC filters is demonstrated. Two commercial filter specifications which pose major difficulties for traditional design methods are chosen as examples to illustrate PANDDA's full capabilities. Significant reductions in order and total area are achieved. Finally, test results of several SC filters designed using PANDDA for a dual-channel speech-processing ASIC are presented. The speed with which high-quality, standard SC filters can be produced is thus proven.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available