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Title: The angular distribution of photoneutrons from O¹⁶
Author: Syme, D. Brian C. B.
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 1972
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The relative importance of competing reaction channels in the photo-excitation of the giant resonance in O16 has been studied by measurement of the angular distribution of the emitted photo-neutrons through the corresponding energy range using a multi-angle neutron time of flight spectrometer installed at the Kelvin Laboratory of the University of Glasgow. Design factors for the spectrometer are discussed with regard to optimisation of energy resolution and counting rates under the constraints of the source, and the obtainable accuracy of normalisation between neutron detectors at different angles has been measured, A reliable method of calibration of the neutron energy scale at each angle is described and corrections to the neutron spectra for absorption by materials in the flight path have been made. The energy dependent efficiency of the neutron detectors is calculated in an appendix by a Monte Carlo technique using a new measurement of the scintillation response curve for recoil protons. Angular distributions of photoneutrons from the D2 (gamma,n)p reaction with 26.9 MeV bremsstrahlung have been measured and are found to agree with previously published results and theoretical predictions to within the expected accuracy. This is taken as confirmation of good angular normalisation in the system. Measurements by the author of the angular distributions of photo-neutrons from 26.9 MeV bremsstrahlung on O16 are presented and absolute cross sections have been obtained with respect to that known for deuterium. Photoproton data from other authors is analysed in a similar way for comparison with the photoneutron results. In the E1 approximation, the relative intensity of s/d wave admixture is found to follow the resonance structure for both protons and neutrons and the corresponding phase difference is found to vary about the value expected from optical model predictions. The E2 cross section has been extracted from the data and is found to rest mainly in two broad states centred at about 23 MeV and 24.7 MeV, while a Barker-Mann analysis shows the isospin impurity in the O16 giant resonance to be small and to be mainly associated with the regions of E2 strength. The pure 1p1h dipole approximation fails to describe these features and the observed splitting of the giant resonance in O16 but the presence of more complicated excitations is shown to be more consistent with experiment.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available