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Title: Attentional bias to social-evaluative threat in body image dissatisfaction
Author: Schiza, Angeliki
ISNI:       0000 0004 8501 4398
Awarding Body: Canterbury Christ Church University
Current Institution: Canterbury Christ Church University
Date of Award: 2018
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The study aimed to examine attentional biases to social evaluative threat in individuals with a diagnosis of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). Given the high degree of social evaluative anxiety in this population, it was expected that BDD participants, similar to people with high levels of social anxiety, would exhibit a stronger attentional bias to social threat than people without these difficulties. 13 individuals (ten women) with a diagnosis of BDD and 13 individuals (ten women) without a mental health diagnosis took the 'face-in-the-crowd' task. This involved detecting an emotionally incongruent face in an array (crowd) of 12 faces. Faster detection of a threatening face (angry or disgusted) in an array of happy or neutral faces, implied an attentional bias to threat. Slower reaction times in angry or disgusted crowds implied that participants were devoting more attentional resources to processing threat. A number of 2 x 2 ANOVAS were conducted with Group (BDD vs. Control) as between-subject factors and Stimuli Type (Angry vs. non-threatening) as within-subject factors. Contrary to predictions, the study found that while both BDD and Control group participants showed an attentional bias to threat, there were no significant between group differences. As the study included a very small sample, conclusions were drawn with caution. Clinical and research implications are presented.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Body Dysmorphic Disorder ; attentional bias