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Title: Characterising resilience and resource use efficiency traits from Scots bere and additional landraces for development of stress tolerant barley
Author: Cope, Jonathan Edward
ISNI:       0000 0004 8498 4608
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2019
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With an increasing population it is important to increase crop yield. However, there is a low priority in breeding for increased tolerance to low input or marginal environments. A potential source of viable resilience and resource use efficiency traits are landraces local to areas of marginal land, such as the Scots Bere from the highlands and islands of Scotland. Bere barley is a deeply historically rooted landrace of barley which has been grown on predominately marginal land for the last half millennia, allowing them to yield well in these conditions. The project aim was to assess and genetically characterise traits associated with enhanced resistance/tolerance, and to identify contributing genomic regions. In this project the JHI spring barley collection, consisting of a number of Bere lines, was screened for biotic stress resistance to Rhynchosporium commune and abiotic stress resistance to the conditions of Mn deficiency and salt stress, additionally the interaction of these stresses was assessed. The results identify a number of Bere lines that show an increased resistance/tolerance to each of the three stresses, compared to elite cultivars. The Bere population, as a whole, showed an inherent enhanced Mn use efficiency correlating to increased accumulation of Mn in their shoot. These results suggest that Bere landraces have unique abilities to cope with stress. Interaction studies revealed complex line-specific interactions, along with an overall adverse effect of salt on rhynchosporium symptoms. Several genomic regions for Mn use efficiency, salt tolerance, and rhynchosporium resistance traits originating from the Bere lines were identified, along with potential candidate genes. Further examination and validation of these regions should be undertaken for future breeding for marginal lands. By introgression into elite cultivar backgrounds they may contribute biotic and abiotic stress-tolerance genes creating novel cultivars to efficiently and resiliently yield under low input and marginal environments.
Supervisor: Norton, Gareth J. ; George, Timothy S. ; Newton, Adrian C. Sponsor: Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board ; James Hutton Institute
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Barley ; Crops