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Title: Repeat victimisation in online fraud : the 'ideal' and 'real' victims of fraud
Author: Hawkins, Claudette D.
ISNI:       0000 0004 8498 3082
Awarding Body: University of Leicester
Current Institution: University of Leicester
Date of Award: 2019
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Drawing upon qualitative interviews as a primary research method with repeat and single victims of fraud, this study found that the impact of fraud is a highly personalised and interactive experience where both macro and micro societal elements play a role in the way victims of fraud experience victimisation. Coping strategies appeared to influence the severity of fraud, therefore there is very little difference between repeat and single victims in terms of the impact, although some repeat victims experienced a greater sense of shame. Moreover, both single and repeat victims used a variety of coping strategies to hide their victim identity, notably from the stigma associated with victimhood in fraud. Avoiding the victim label was a strong theme throughout, particularly for repeat victims who used 'covering' and 'downplaying' in an attempt to minimise or deny a repeat victim status. Rather than victimhood being experienced as a separate event, this study found a continuum emerged where it was discovered that there were a number of different trajectories to a 'journey of acceptance'. This study offers new insights into understanding why some victims appear to reject or accept the victim label, whilst recognising that the different trajectories towards repeat victimisation are not confined to a distinct event but more broadly emanate from the victim's own environment and relationships.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Thesis