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Title: Data-driven flight path rerouting during adverse weather : design and development of a passenger-centric model and framework for alternative flight path generation using nature inspired techniques
Author: Ayo, Babatope S.
ISNI:       0000 0004 8497 5162
Awarding Body: University of Bradford
Current Institution: University of Bradford
Date of Award: 2018
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A major factor that negatively impacts flight operations globally is adverse weather. To reduce the impact of adverse weather, avoidance procedures such as finding an alternative flight path can usually be carried out. However, such procedures usually introduce extra costs such as flight delay. Hence, there exists a need for alternative flight paths that efficiently avoid adverse weather regions while minimising costs. Existing weather avoidance methods used techniques, such as Dijkstra's and artificial potential field algorithms that do not scale adequately and have poor real time performance. They do not adequately consider the impact of weather and its avoidance on passengers. The contributions of this work include a new development of an improved integrated model for weather avoidance, that addressed the impact of weather on passengers by defining a corresponding cost metric. The model simultaneously considered other costs such as flight delay and fuel burn costs. A genetic algorithm (GA)-based rerouting technique that generates optimised alternative flight paths was proposed. The technique used a modified mutation strategy to improve global search. A discrete firefly algorithm-based rerouting method was also developed to improve rerouting efficiency. A data framework and simulation platform that integrated aeronautical, weather and flight data into the avoidance process was developed. Results show that the developed algorithms and model produced flight paths that had lower total costs compared with existing techniques. The proposed algorithms had adequate rerouting performance in complex airspace scenarios. The developed system also adequately avoided the paths of multiple aircraft in the considered airspace.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Flight path ; Adverse weather ; Shortest path ; Rerouting ; Passenger inconvenience ; Genetic algorithm ; Heuristic ; Optimisation