Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Resisting division along ethnic lines : a case study of two communities who challenged discourses of war during the Yugoslav conflict 1991-1995
Author: Otmacic, Valentina
ISNI:       0000 0004 8504 3033
Awarding Body: University of Bradford
Current Institution: University of Bradford
Date of Award: 2017
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
There is a generalized perception on the 1991-1995 war in the former Yugoslavia as an ethnic conflict caused by longstanding antagonisms among homogenous ethnic groups inhabiting its territory. In such a worldview, which became part of the dominant discourse, inter-ethnic violence in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina was inevitable and the division of the population along ethnic lines was needed to stop the violence. In this thesis I problematize the dominant discourse on the ethnic nature and inevitability of violence, as well as on the ethnic fracturing as a solution, by exposing the experiences of two largest communities that remained ethnically mixed and preserved communal peace throughout wartime - the community of the region of Gorski kotar in Croatia and the community of the city of Tuzla in Bosnia-Herzegovina. By documenting and analysing their discourses and practices, and by contrasting them with the dominant discourses of war in these two countries, I provide evidence that these two communities were oases of peace which developed a counter-discourse and resisted violence by preserving their multi-ethnic character, promoting multiple identities, cherishing inter-ethnic cooperation and ensuring equality and good governance for all their citizens. Their narratives challenge the well-established «truths» about the war in the former Yugoslavia and add to the complexity of collective memories of its peoples.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Yugoslavia ; Croatia ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Group identity ; Dominant discourse of violence ; Counter-discourse ; Ethnic co-existence ; Gorski kotar ; Tuzla ; Non-violence ; Conflict