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Title: Structure pharmaceutics based on synchrotron radiation X-ray micro-computed tomography : from characterization to evaluation and innovation of pharmaceutical structures
Author: Yin, Xianzhen
ISNI:       0000 0004 8504 2591
Awarding Body: University of Bradford
Current Institution: University of Bradford
Date of Award: 2016
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Drug delivery systems (DDS) are essentially pharmaceutical products for human therapy, typically involving a mixture of active ingredients and excipients. Based upon quantitative characterization of structure, the thesis introduces the concept of classifying the architecture of DDS into four levels by their spatial scale and the life time period. The primary level is recognised as the static structure of the whole dosage form with a size from μm to cm with the final structure generated by formulation design. The secondary level categorises the structures of particles or sub-units to form a DDS with sizes from nm to mm as key units in processing such as mixing, grinding, granulation and packing; The tertiary level represents the dynamic structures of DDS during the drug release phase in vitro or in vivo incorporating the structure size range from nm to mm, which undergo changes during dissolution, swelling, erosion or diffusion. The spatial scale for the quaternary level is defined as the meso or micro scale architecture of active and non-active molecules within a DDS with sizes from Å to μm for the molecular structure of drug and excipients. Methods combining X-ray tomography, image processing, and 3D reconstructions have been devised and evaluated to study systematically pharmaceutical structures and correlate them with drug release kinetics of DDS. Based on the quantitative structural information of pharmaceutical intermediates and dosage forms, it is possible now to correlate structures with production processing, behaviour and function, and the static and dynamic structures of DDS with the release kinetics. Thus, a structure-guided methodology has been established for the research of DDS.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Chinese Academy of Sciences
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Structure ; Synchroton radiation micro-computed tomography ; Three dimension ; Fractal dimension ; Quantitative characterisation ; Solid dosage form ; Pharmaceutics