Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Nonclinical paranoia, forgiveness and evaluative beliefs
Author: Honeybourne, Emmi
ISNI:       0000 0004 8499 1162
Awarding Body: Royal Holloway, University of London
Current Institution: Royal Holloway, University of London
Date of Award: 2016
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
It is becoming increasingly accepted that paranoia is common within the general population and is best understood as existing on a continuum of normal human experience. More recent studies suggest that nonclinical paranoia is a subject of interest in its own right, having been linked to poorer wellbeing but also having been posited as a potential adaptive and functional trait. Research within the field of paranoia has leant towards a focus on individual differences in affect and cognition and there has been less of a focus on interpersonal factors. One interpersonal factor that has been considered is evaluative beliefs and a clear relationship between negative evaluative beliefs and paranoia has been established. A concept that has received attention in the social psychology literature is forgiveness, a factor that we might expect to be related to paranoia. They share similar characteristics, are both interpersonal in nature and both involve transgressions. The current study aimed to explore a potential novel relationship between nonclinical paranoia and forgiveness, to examine whether forgiveness acts as a mediator between the already established relationship between nonclinical paranoia and negative evaluative beliefs, and finally to utilise the Prisoners Dilemma Game to experimentally examine the impact of a simulated interpersonal transgression on these factors. Consistent with prediction, the study found evidence of a novel relationship between nonclinical paranoia and forgiveness. Higher levels of nonclinical trait paranoia are associated with lower levels of trait forgiveness and state forgiveness following a simulated interpersonal interaction. This finding has potential implications for both the theoretical understanding of the development and maintenance of paranoia and for the clinical treatment of paranoia as an individual symptom. Secondly, the study replicates the already established relationship between nonclinical paranoia and negative evaluative beliefs and implicates forgiveness as a mediating factor in this relationship. Finally, the study demonstrated the utility of the PDG as an experimental paradigm for the investigation of nonclinical paranoia and other interpersonal variables, forgiveness being one. Collectively, the current findings provide a foundation for further research looking at the role of forgiveness in nonclinical paranoia which could have exciting implications for both our understanding of paranoia overall and for the treatment of this individual symptom in clinical settings.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available