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Title: Multi-mass imaging in chemical reaction dynamics
Author: Kockert, Hansjochen
ISNI:       0000 0004 8503 2860
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2019
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The work described in this thesis illustrates the application of multi-mass velocity-map imaging in the investigation of molecular fragmentation dynamics. Results from three experiments, focussing on three types of fragmentation processes, are reported. Firstly, a photofragmentation and photoionization study of niobium oxide (NbO) is presented. Analysis of the recorded velocity-map images yields refined values for the dissociation energies of NbO and NbO+, which are found to be 60,650±124 cm−1 and 57,414 ± 124 cm−1, respectively. In addition, the first steps towards the study of charged metal-ligand clusters are outlined using the example of the photofragmentation of the VCO2+ complex. In Chapter 3, the UV-induced photofragmentation dynamics of the CH2BrI molecule are studied in a time-resolved UV-pump XUV-probe experiment. While the findings are largely consistent with previous studies on this system, evidence for charge transfer processes between the XUV ionized halogen photoproducts and neutral rotationally excited CH2Br fragments are found. Finally, Chapter 4 presents an experimental study of the dissociative electron ionization of CF3I. Following the ionization step, dissociation of singly-charged parent ions proceeds via either the C-I bond or C-F bond breaking with very different dynamics. A mixture of `statistical' and `direct' bond breaking dynamics is observed, and can be rationalized by comparison with photoionization studies. Evidence for the fragmentation of doubly and triply charged ions is also found, with these processes apparently proceeding via a two-body Coulomb explosion followed by further fragmentation of the molecular product ion.
Supervisor: Vallance, Claire ; Brouard, Mark ; Mackenzie, Stuart Sponsor: Clarendon Fund
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Chemistry, Physical and theoretical