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Title: Development of a cross-cultural hazard perception test
Author: Ventsislavova Petrova, Petya
ISNI:       0000 0004 8502 4908
Awarding Body: Nottingham Trent University
Current Institution: Nottingham Trent University
Date of Award: 2019
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This thesis is concerned with the development of a culturally-agnostic version of the UK hazard perception (HP) test, with the ultimate hope of providing a road safety assessment tool that can be exported to different countries whilst retaining its diagnostic validity. This aim was inspired by the United Nations Decade of Action on Road Safety (2010-2020), which was instigated to reduce the global burden of road deaths. The first three experiments explored the various design elements of a future global blueprint for hazard perception testing. Unfortunately, none of these studies revealed a difference between UK experienced and novice drivers, considered important for test validity. When the test was compared across three countries (using clips and participants from China, Spain and the UK; experiment 4), the experience difference was still elusive, though cultural differences were evident. To address the lack of validity, a new HP test-variant was developed: a hazard prediction test. This test presents the same driving clips to viewers, but the screen is occluded at the point of hazard onset and participants are asked "What happens next?". In a UK sample, experiment 5 finally showed an experiential difference. When taken back to China and Spain (experiment 6), the overall experiential difference remained, while cultural differences were ameliorated. Following further development of the hazard prediction protocol (experiment 7), the test was applied to a brand new cultural context in Israel. Once again, the hazard prediction test was successful in differentiating between safe and less-safe drivers on the basis of experience. In conclusion, the hazard prediction test appears to be a more robust methodology for international export, ostensibly reducing problems of criterion bias, subjective judgements on scoring windows, and language difficulties in explaining what a hazard is. The final chapter summarises this blueprint for a culturally-agnostic hazard test, and recommends the protocol be adopted globally.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available