Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Neoliberal water infrastructure, informality, and the state in Cairo, 1952-2017 : a case study of Ezbet El-Haggana
Author: Khalil, Deena Mahmoud Sobhy
ISNI:       0000 0004 8500 3752
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2019
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below.
Access from Institution:
This thesis explores the relationship between neoliberalism, politics, and water infrastructure in informal areas in Egypt. It explores the extent to which reforms within Egypt's potable water sector have impacted access to water in informal areas, and uses this to understand the political role played by infrastructure in Egypt, and particularly how it mediates between citizens and the state. I find that although neoliberal reforms implemented in Egypt's water sector from the 1980s to the present have increased access to public water infrastructure in Haggana, this has taken place through a process of unbundling of rights such that access to water is being disconnected from broader questions of adequate housing as a bundle of rights. Furthermore, I argue that infrastructure has been one of the main channels through which the state has governed informal areas. I find that examining the governance of water infrastructure in informal areas exposes the "flexibility" in how the Egyptian state governs infrastructure. I argue that this flexibility is a result of the ad hoc nature of power in governance and the uneven quality of the state's authority and reach. This flexibility creates a waterscape constituted by overlapping infrastructures, practices, and actors, making traditional binaries such as public-private and formal-informal meaningless. Finally, I argue that public infrastructure in general is deployed by the state - both materially and discursively - as a vehicle to ensure its presence in people's daily lives, and to generate public sentiments of progress and modernity. While more "spectacular" forms of infrastructure such as roads and bridges have been effective at doing this, more subtle forms such as water infrastructure have tended to expose the limitations of state power in regards to creating actual change and improvements in people's lives.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available