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Title: A new debate : the correlations of neighbourhood design and socio-economic status on mental well-being
Author: Suwannasang, Veeramon
ISNI:       0000 0004 8499 9367
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2019
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There is growing research and policy interests in the impacts of the neighbourhood design on well-being since 1980s. Despite the well-documented significance of urban form and social dimensions of sustainability, it is still unclear on how different types of neighbourhood and its association with socio-economic status affect residents' well-being, particularly on sense of community and fear of crime. The central objective of this research offers an in-depth analysis employing a mixed-method cross-sectional study in Bangkok, Thailand to evaluate the impact of neighbourhood design and socio-economic status as well as the mechanism of the associations between these factors and well-being, and to understand how interested factors mediate residents' sense of community and fear of crime, and also in which direction. Bangkok makes an interesting case study for the city has experienced the emerging trend of gated communities for four decades, yet their ramifications to the wider society remain understudied. Six communities across Bangkok were selected to represent different types of neighbourhood and levels of socio-economic status. A background study began from 2012 to 2018 using satellite imaginaries and author's observations, whereas the cross-sectional study took place from 2012 to 2013 using self-report questionnaires (N = 743, n = 499, response rate 67 per cent) and interviews. Results were statistically analysed by Two-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation, Two-sample t-Test and Levene's Test. Findings showed that Bangkok had 2,816 gated communities in 2018 in which the most important reason for moving into a gated community was 'security'. Results from the cross-sectional study revealed positive correlations between neighbourhood design and sense of community as well as fear of crime. Interestingly, socio-economic status only had a positive correlation on sense of community but not fear of crime, and that there had no correlation between sense of community and fear of crime as many believe.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available