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Title: Naturalistic depth perception and binocular vision
Author: Maiello, G.
ISNI:       0000 0004 8498 8094
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2017
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Humans continuously move both their eyes to redirect their foveae to objects at new depths. To correctly execute these complex combinations of saccades, vergence eye movements and accommodation changes, the visual system makes use of multiple sources of depth information, including binocular disparity and defocus. Furthermore, during development, both fine-tuning of oculomotor control as well as correct eye growth are likely driven by complex interactions between eye movements, accommodation, and the distributions of defocus and depth information across the retina. I have employed photographs of natural scenes taken with a commercial plenoptic camera to examine depth perception while varying perspective, blur and binocular disparity. Using a gaze contingent display with these natural images, I have shown that disparity and peripheral blur interact to modify eye movements and facilitate binocular fusion. By decoupling visual feedback for each eye, I have found it possible to induces both conjugate and disconjugate changes in saccadic adaptation, which helps us understand to what degree the eyes can be individually controlled. To understand the aetiology of myopia, I have developed geometric models of emmetropic and myopic eye shape, from which I have derived psychophysically testable predictions about visual function. I have then tested the myopic against the emmetropic visual system and have found that some aspects of visual function decrease in the periphery at a faster rate in best-corrected myopic observers than in emmetropes. To study the effects of different depth cues on visual development, I have investigated accommodation response and sensitivity to blur in normal and myopic subjects. This body of work furthers our understanding of oculomotor control and 3D perception, has applied implications regarding discomfort in the use of virtual reality, and provides clinically relevant insights regarding the development of refractive error and potential approaches to prevent incorrect emmetropization.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available